Molecular characterization of Giardia spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. from dogs and coyotes in an urban landscape suggests infrequent occurrence of zoonotic genotypes.

Molecular characterization of Giardia spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. from dogs and coyotes in an urban landscape suggests infrequent occurrence of zoonotic genotypes.

Giardia spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. is a common gastrointestinal parasites with the potential for zoonotic transmission. This study aims to (1) determine the genotype occurs in dogs and coyotes occupy the same urban areas; (2) determine whether the host is infected with a potentially zoonotic genotype; (3) providing data base molecule. In August and September 2012, 860 dog owners who live in neighborhoods that abut six city parks in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, provides faecal samples from their dogs.

From March 2012 until July 2013 193 coyote feces were also collected from five of the six parks of the same. Direct immunofluorescence microscopy (DFA) showed that Giardia spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. infected a total of 64 (7.4%) and 21 (2.4%) dogs, and 15 (7.8%) and three (1.6%) coyote, respectively. Semi-nested polymerase chain reaction targeting the 16S small-subunit ribosomal ribonucleic acid (SSU rRNA) and the 18S rRNA gene of Giardia spp SSU. and Cryptosporidium spp., respectively, carried out on samples screened positive by DFA, and the products were sequenced and genotype.

Dogs infected with Giardia intestinalis related canid group C (n = 14), D (n = 13), and Cryptosporidium canis (n = 3). Similarly, G. intestinalis group C (n = 1), D (n = 1) and C. canis (n = 1), detected on coyotes, and G. intestinalis group A (n = 1) and Cryptosporidium mouse genotype ( n = 1). Dogs and coyotes are predominantly infected with genotype-specific hosts and potentially zoonotic genotypes, suggesting that they may not represent a significant risk for zoonotic transmission of this parasite in urban areas where the host is sympatric.

 Molecular characterization of Giardia spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. from dogs and coyotes in an urban landscape suggests infrequent occurrence of zoonotic genotypes.
Molecular characterization of Giardia spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. from dogs and coyotes in an urban landscape suggests infrequent occurrence of zoonotic genotypes.

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2): An Update.

Coronavirus (CoVs) belongs to the family Coronaviridae, Nidovirales order, and genus coronavirus. They are the largest group of viruses that cause respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. The morphology, CoVs enveloped virus that contains a non-segmented positive-sense, single-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus. CoVs categorized into four important genera that includes Alphacoronavirus, Betacoronavirus, Gammacoronavirus, and Deltacoronavirus.

A member of a novel human CoV that have recently appeared in Wuhan, China, now officially known as SARS-CoV-2 (acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2). This is a unique strain of the virus RNA that has not been previously observed in humans. This virus has a wide host adaptability and capable of causing severe disease in humans, masked palm civets, rats, dogs, cats, camels, pigs, chickens, and bats. SARS-CoV-2 usually causes respiratory and digestive diseases in humans and animals. It can be transmitted by aerosols and direct / indirect contact, as well as for medical cases and the handling of laboratory samples. certain structural proteins, which may be found on the virus surface, play an important role in the pathogenesis and development of complications. The disease is characterized by medical signs and symptoms that differ include high fever, chills, cough, and shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. People who are infected may also present with other symptoms such as diarrhea, myalgia, fatigue, sputum, and hemoptysis.

MM-102
B1582-20 20 mg
EUR 593
Description: MM-102 is an antagonist of MLL1 with IC50 value of 2.4nM [1].Mixed lineage leukemia 1 (MLL1) is a histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) methyltransferase.
MM-102
B1582-5 5 mg
EUR 212
Description: MM-102 is an antagonist of MLL1 with IC50 value of 2.4nM [1].Mixed lineage leukemia 1 (MLL1) is a histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) methyltransferase.
MM-102
B2364-25
EUR 588
MM-102
B2364-5
EUR 185
PPQ-102
B3504-10 10 mg
EUR 242
PPQ-102
B3504-5 5 mg
EUR 151
PPQ-102
B3504-50 50 mg
EUR 863
PM 102
B5517-1 1 mg
EUR 601
MM-102
HY-12220 10mg
EUR 298
IAXO-102
HY-125171 50mg
EUR 1944
PPQ-102
HY-14179 100mg
EUR 1221
BGB-102
HY-15732 10mg
EUR 6041
EL-102
HY-16187 10mM/1mL
EUR 376
LSZ-102
HY-111486 50mg
EUR 3321
p38 Antibody
35478-100ul 100ul
EUR 390
p38 Antibody
48644-100ul 100ul
EUR 333
p38 Antibody
48644-50ul 50ul
EUR 239
p38 antibody
70R-51505 100 ul
EUR 268
Description: Purified Polyclonal p38 antibody
p38 antibody
70R-51506 100 ul
EUR 287
Description: Purified Polyclonal p38 antibody
p38 Antibody
20-abx007541
  • EUR 300.00
  • EUR 439.00
  • EUR 189.00
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p38 Antibody
20-abx133223
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p38 Antibody
20-abx141038
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  • EUR 537.00
  • EUR 217.00
  • 100 ul
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p38 protein
E20-80078 20ug
EUR 408
p38 protein
E20-80079 20ug
EUR 408
p38 Antibody
abx236076-100ug 100 ug
EUR 481
  • Shipped within 5-12 working days.
anti-p38
YF-PA11120 50 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse polyclonal to p38
anti-p38
YF-PA11121 100 ug
EUR 403
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38
anti-p38
YF-PA23519 50 ul
EUR 334
Description: Mouse polyclonal to p38
anti-p38
YF-PA23520 50 ul
EUR 334
Description: Mouse polyclonal to p38
anti-p38
YF-PA23521 50 ul
EUR 334
Description: Mouse polyclonal to p38
LB (Lennox)
102 500 g
EUR 101
BP-1-102
HY-100493 100mg
EUR 1345
MM-102 (TFA)
HY-12220A 10mM/1mL
EUR 263
SB-203580 p38 MAPK(p38 MAP kinase) Inhibitor
E1B1863 1mg
EUR 161
P38 delta protein
30R-2868 5 ug
EUR 503
Description: Purified recombinant Human P38 delta protein
p38 alpha protein
30R-2870 5 ug
EUR 503
Description: Purified recombinant Human p38 alpha protein
p38 beta protein
30R-2875 5 ug
EUR 503
Description: Purified recombinant Human p38 beta protein
p38 MAPK antibody
20R-1572 100 ug
EUR 705
Description: Rabbit polyclonal p38 MAPK antibody
P38 MAPK antibody
20R-2087 50 ug
EUR 281
Description: Rabbit polyclonal P38 MAPK antibody
P38 MAPK antibody
20R-2088 50 ug
EUR 281
Description: Rabbit polyclonal P38 MAPK antibody
P38 MAPK antibody
20R-2403 50 ug
EUR 281
Description: Rabbit polyclonal P38 MAPK antibody
p38 MAPK antibody
20R-2950 100 ul
EUR 393
Description: Rabbit polyclonal p38 MAPK antibody
p38 MAPK antibody
10R-8422 100 ul
EUR 393
Description: Mouse monoclonal p38 MAPK antibody
p38 MAPK Antibody
49379-100ul 100ul
EUR 333
p38 MAPK Antibody
49379-50ul 50ul
EUR 239
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
41305-100ul 100ul
EUR 252
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
41305-50ul 50ul
EUR 187
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
41306-100ul 100ul
EUR 252
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
41306-50ul 50ul
EUR 187
Anti-p38 alpha
DB-1039 100 tests
EUR 474
Anti-p38 beta
DB-1040 100 tests
EUR 474
Anti-p38 gamma
DB-1041 100 tests
EUR 474
Anti-p38 delta
DB-1042 100 tests
EUR 474
Anti-p38-a
DB-161-0.05 50 μl
EUR 269
Anti-p38-a
DB-161-0.1 100 μl
EUR 422
Anti-p38-b
DB-162-0.05 50 μl
EUR 269
Anti-p38-b
DB-162-0.1 100 μl
EUR 422
Anti-p38-g
DB-163-0.05 50 μl
EUR 269
Anti-p38-g
DB-163-0.1 100 μl
EUR 422
Anti-p38-d
DB-164-0.05 50 μl
EUR 269
Anti-p38-d
DB-164-0.1 100 μl
EUR 422
Anti-p38 alpha
DB1039 100 tests
EUR 474
Anti-p38 beta
DB1040 100 tests
EUR 474
Anti-p38 gamma
DB1041 100 tests
EUR 474
Anti-p38 delta
DB1042 100 tests
EUR 474
p38 beta, Active
7763-100
EUR 4345
p38 beta, Active
7763-5
EUR 370
Anti-p38 Antibody
A00176 100ul
EUR 397
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for p38 Antibody (MAPK14) detection.tested for WB in Human, Mouse, Rat.
p38 MAPK antibody
70R-33398 100 ug
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal p38 MAPK antibody
p38 MAPK antibody
70R-33400 100 ug
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal p38 MAPK antibody
P38 MAPK antibody
70R-34325 100 ug
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal P38 MAPK antibody
P38 MAPK antibody
70R-34327 100 ug
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal P38 MAPK antibody
p38 (pT180) Antibody
20-abx009863
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p38 (pY323) Antibody
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  • 30 ul
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p38 (pY182) Antibody
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  • EUR 606.00
  • EUR 230.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
p38 Blocking Peptide
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  • EUR 272.00
  • EUR 411.00
  • 1 mg
  • 5 mg
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p38 MAPK Antibody
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  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 98.00
  • EUR 398.00
  • EUR 495.00
  • 100 ug
  • 10 ug
  • 200 ug
  • 300 µg
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
p38 MAPK Antibody
20-abx012875
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 98.00
  • EUR 398.00
  • EUR 495.00
  • 100 ug
  • 10 ug
  • 200 ug
  • 300 µg
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
p38 Blocking Peptide
20-abx061736
  • EUR 258.00
  • EUR 384.00
  • 1 mg
  • 5 mg
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p38 Blocking Peptide
20-abx062080
  • EUR 272.00
  • EUR 411.00
  • 1 mg
  • 5 mg
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
p38 MAPK Antibody
AF6455 200ul
EUR 304
Description: p38 MAPK Antibody detects endogenous levels of total p38 MAPK.
p38 MAPK Antibody
AF6456 200ul
EUR 304
Description: p38 MAPK Antibody detects endogenous levels of total p38 MAPK.
p38 MAPK Antibody
AF6457 200ul
EUR 304
Description: p38 MAPK Antibody detects endogenous levels of total p38 MAPK.
p38 MAPK Antibody
abx236077-100ug 100 ug
EUR 481
  • Shipped within 5-12 working days.
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP53838-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP53838-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP53838-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP53839-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y182
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IF, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y182
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP53839-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y182
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IF, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y182
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP53839-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y182
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IF, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y182
p38 MAPK Antibody
ABF6456 100 ug
EUR 438
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP52112-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180/Y182
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180/Y182
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP52112-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180/Y182
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180/Y182
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP52112-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180/Y182
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180/Y182
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP52113-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y323
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y323
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP52113-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y323
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y323
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP52113-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y323
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y323
p38 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP57354-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from the C-terminal region of human p38
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat, Chicken. This p38 antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from the C-terminal region of human p38

This is important from a public health and economic point of view because it affects the growth of the country, which is majorly attributed to restrictions in the movement of people and costs related to the control and prevention of disease. Because there is no specific therapeutic interventions or vaccines are available against the virus, management support and treatment with non-specific therapeutic agents (drugs repurposed) can provide relief to the patient.